1

(6 replies, posted in Chordie's Chat Corner)

Hi Bill
Sorry I cant help as I am a dunce when it comes to computers. I am sure on here there will be an answer from one of the clever ones.
Love and good wishes to you and Dondra,
Pete

2

(16 replies, posted in Songwriting)

Our day of rememeberance here in New Zealand  is ANZAC day held on the 25th April every year,
Gallipoli - Memorial at Anzac Cove Turkey  has these words by Ataturk on it.
"Those heroes that shed their blood and lost their lives…
You are now lying in the soil of a friendly country. Therefore rest in peace. There is no difference between the Johnnies and the Mehmets to us where they lie side by side here in this country of ours…
You, the mothers, who sent their sons from faraway countries wipe away your tears; your sons are now lying in our bosom and are in peace, after having lost their lives on this land they have become our sons as well."
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk who words  are used on the Memorial  was  a past President of Turkey.
The significance of the Gallipoli Campaign in the first world war is felt strongly in both New Zealand and Australia, 
The  Gallipoli Campaign  is often considered to be the beginning of Australian and New Zealand national consciousness; 25 April, the anniversary of the landings, is known as "Anzac Day", the most significant commemoration of military casualties and veterans in the two countries, surpassing Remembrance Day (Armistice Day).     
Gallipoli was a costly failure for the Allies: 44,000 Allied soldiers died, including more than 8700 Australians. Among the dead were 2779 New Zealanders – about a sixth of those who fought on the peninsula. Victory came at a high price for the Ottoman Empire, which lost 87,000 men during that campaign.
Eric Bogle – And the Band Played Waltzing Matilda is about Gallipoli and what happened to the guy in that song. It also mentions ANZAC Day.

3

(16 replies, posted in Songwriting)

For the Fallen


Poem by Robert Laurence Binyon (1869-1943)
With proud thanksgiving, a mother for her children,
England mourns for her dead across the sea.
Flesh of her flesh they were, spirit of her spirit,
Fallen in the cause of the free.
Solemn the drums thrill: Death august and royal
Sings sorrow up into immortal spheres.
There is music in the midst of desolation
And a glory that shines upon our tears.
They went with songs to the battle, they were young,
Straight of limb, true of eye, steady and aglow.
They were staunch to the end against odds uncounted,
They fell with their faces to the foe.
They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old:
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning
We will remember them.
They mingle not with their laughing comrades again;
They sit no more at familiar tables of home;
They have no lot in our labour of the day-time;
They sleep beyond England's foam.
But where our desires are and our hopes profound,
Felt as a well-spring that is hidden from sight,
To the innermost heart of their own land they are known
As the stars are known to the Night;
As the stars that shall be bright when we are dust,
Moving in marches upon the heavenly plain,
As the stars that are starry in the time of our darkness,
To the end, to the end, they remain.

Laurence said in 1939 that the four lines of the fourth stanza came to him first. These words of the fourth stanza have become especially familiar and famous, having been adopted by the Royal British Legion as an Exhortation for ceremonies of Remembrance to commemorate fallen Servicemen and women.
We here in New Zealand use that that forth stanza to remember those of our nation who have fallen in war

They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old:
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning,
We will remember them.

4

(16 replies, posted in Songwriting)

Trevor that is one powerful song well writen sung and played perfectly your lyrics move me.. That war impacted us here in the South Pacific in a big way also.
Your lyrics are spot on.
Joseph Farnes stands etched with many names upon a wall,
lost distant memories of a cruel and bloody war
Sometimes I sit and wonder how he would view our world today
Would he still pick up his gun and give his life that way

Joseph Farnes stands etched with many names upon a wall. Beneath those pastures of Flanders  where he also fought still lie tens of thousands -  even hundreds of thousands, it has been estimated - of young men cut down in the bloodiest of bloody wars and most of whose bodies have never been recovered.
Even today some bodies are still being found. For every life lost there is a story. Author Rudyard Kipling lost his only son John on his first day in battle over there. Kipling spent three years looking for his son's body which was found only after Rudyard's death.
From Flanders came the poppy.
The red poppy has become a symbol of war remembrance the world over. People in many countries wear the poppy to remember those who died in war or who still serve. In many countries, the poppy is worn around Armistice Day (11 November), but in New Zealand it is most commonly seen around Anzac Day, 25 April.The red or Flanders poppy has been linked with battlefield deaths since the time of the Great War (1914–18). The plant was one of the first to grow and bloom in the mud and soil of Flanders. The connection was made, most famously, by the  Canadian,  Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae in his poem 'In Flanders fields'.

In Flanders fields the poppies blow
Between the crosses row on row,
That mark our place; and in the sky
The larks, still bravely singing, fly
Scarce heard amid the guns below.
We are the Dead. Short days ago
We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,
Loved and were loved, and now we lie
In Flanders fields.
Take up our quarrel with the foe:
To you from failing hands we throw
The torch; be yours to hold it high.
If ye break faith with us who die
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow
In Flanders field

5

(3 replies, posted in Songwriting)

TIG  that has to be the most powerful song lyrics I have read in some time, I hope it gets out as a song and is heard by millions. All those  innocent kids  lifes been taken because of it being easy to get weapons doesn't make sense to me..
One of my uncles over in Fiji was murdered by a young guy with a rifle many years ago who said voices in his head told him to do it. The pain of that loss has stayed for all these years and the family still finds it hard to talk about.
Thank you Jim very moving and beautifully written my Mum will be pleased when I tell her something she said helped you write this song.

6

(14 replies, posted in Chordie's Chat Corner)

Phill torwards the end of his life Poe's drinking and erratic behavior. caused concern amoung those who knew him.
Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, 1809 to October 7, 1849)  he only lived to forty years of age but had an interesting and bit of a sad life while creating alot of  excellent written works. Poe is an American Icon who in his lifetime never made much from his writting.
When he died Poe's death was reported in Newspapers as "congestion of the brain" or "cerebral inflammation", common euphemisms for deaths from what the establishment  of those day's called disreputable causes such as alcoholism. His actual cause of death remains a mystery as all the records were lost.  Maybe he ended  up like many writers and muscians in our times caught up in the downward spiral of alcholism and addiction.

TF when I was younger in my bad old days  I went through a phase of  dropping LSD while listening to a lot of music by Pink Floyd and similar groups. I got away from LSD and other drugs years ago I was also heavily medicating myself with massive amounts of  alcohol. Now days I enjoy a quiet beer from time to time and steer clear of the madness I got myself into all those years ago. I enjoyed the Tangerine Dream - Sphinx Lightning  link you put up,  It would be a thrill for me   to hear someone who had the entertaining way of speech reciting the The Raven to that music.  Someone with a voice like Orson Welles

7

(3 replies, posted in Songwriting)

Im with you TIG I would love to hear Amy's golden voice again.  Maybe even a duet with her Jim.

8

(379 replies, posted in Bands and artists)

TF I love the acoustic duo part of that performance.

9

(14 replies, posted in Chordie's Chat Corner)

Thank you Mojo for taking time to comment..
Zurf  God bless Momma Z she  knew how to connect with all generations.

10

(18 replies, posted in My local band and me)

I love the way you do that song Russell.

11

(14 replies, posted in Chordie's Chat Corner)

TF I am thankful for the gift of reading. I belong to a libarary and always have a book on the go. When I was a kid a lady living up the road from us would recite poetry to me. She gave me life long interest in reading poetry. One that she would recite from memory regularly was the poem The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe. I have tried to remember word for word but never could. the poem was inspired in part by a talking raven in the novel Barnaby Rudge: A Tale of the Riots of 'Eighty by Charles Dickens.
The Raven" follows an unnamed narrator on a dreary night in December who sits reading "forgotten lore" by a dying fire  as a way to forget the death of his beloved Lenore. A "tapping at his chamber door reveals nothing, but excites his soul to "burning". The tapping is repeated, slightly louder, and he realizes it is coming from his window. When he goes to investigate, a raven flutters into his chamber. Paying no attention to the man, the raven perches on a bust of Pallas above the door. Amused by the raven's comically serious disposition, the man asks that the bird tell him its name. The raven's only answer is "Nevermore".The narrator is surprised that the raven can talk, though at this point it has said nothing further. The narrator remarks to himself that his "friend" the raven will soon fly out of his life, just as "other friends have flown before" along with his previous hopes. As if answering, the raven responds again with "Nevermore".The narrator reasons that the bird learned the word "Nevermore" from some "unhappy master" and that it is the only word it knows     The narrator experiences a perverse conflict between desire to forget and desire to remember.his lenore, The Raven poem was used in a episode of The Simpson

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bLiXjaPqSyY
The Raven
By Edgar Allan Poe
Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary,
Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore—
    While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,
As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door.
“’Tis some visitor,” I muttered, “tapping at my chamber door—
            Only this and nothing more.”

    Ah, distinctly I remember it was in the bleak December;
And each separate dying ember wrought its ghost upon the floor.
    Eagerly I wished the morrow;—vainly I had sought to borrow
    From my books surcease of sorrow—sorrow for the lost Lenore—
For the rare and radiant maiden whom the angels name Lenore—
            Nameless here for evermore.

    And the silken, sad, uncertain rustling of each purple curtain
Thrilled me—filled me with fantastic terrors never felt before;
    So that now, to still the beating of my heart, I stood repeating
    “’Tis some visitor entreating entrance at my chamber door—
Some late visitor entreating entrance at my chamber door;—
            This it is and nothing more.”

    Presently my soul grew stronger; hesitating then no longer,
“Sir,” said I, “or Madam, truly your forgiveness I implore;
    But the fact is I was napping, and so gently you came rapping,
    And so faintly you came tapping, tapping at my chamber door,
That I scarce was sure I heard you”—here I opened wide the door;—
            Darkness there and nothing more.

    Deep into that darkness peering, long I stood there wondering, fearing,
Doubting, dreaming dreams no mortal ever dared to dream before;
    But the silence was unbroken, and the stillness gave no token,
    And the only word there spoken was the whispered word, “Lenore?”
This I whispered, and an echo murmured back the word, “Lenore!”—
            Merely this and nothing more.

Back into the chamber turning, all my soul within me burning,
Soon again I heard a tapping somewhat louder than before.
    “Surely,” said I, “surely that is something at my window lattice;
      Let me see, then, what thereat is, and this mystery explore—
Let my heart be still a moment and this mystery explore;—
            ’Tis the wind and nothing more!”

    Open here I flung the shutter, when, with many a flirt and flutter,
In there stepped a stately Raven of the saintly days of yore;
    Not the least obeisance made he; not a minute stopped or stayed he;
    But, with mien of lord or lady, perched above my chamber door—
Perched upon a bust of Pallas just above my chamber door—
            Perched, and sat, and nothing more.

Then this ebony bird beguiling my sad fancy into smiling,
By the grave and stern decorum of the countenance it wore,
“Though thy crest be shorn and shaven, thou,” I said, “art sure no craven,
Ghastly grim and ancient Raven wandering from the Nightly shore—
Tell me what thy lordly name is on the Night’s Plutonian shore!”
            Quoth the Raven “Nevermore.”
Though its answer little meaning—little relevancy bore;
    For we cannot help agreeing that no living human being
    Ever yet was blessed with seeing bird above his chamber door—
Bird or beast upon the sculptured bust above his chamber door,
            With such name as “Nevermore.”

    But the Raven, sitting lonely on the placid bust, spoke only
That one word, as if his soul in that one word he did outpour.
    Nothing farther then he uttered—not a feather then he fluttered—
    Till I scarcely more than muttered “Other friends have flown before—
On the morrow he will leave me, as my Hopes have flown before.”
            Then the bird said “Nevermore.”

    Startled at the stillness broken by reply so aptly spoken,
“Doubtless,” said I, “what it utters is its only stock and store
    Caught from some unhappy master whom unmerciful Disaster
    Followed fast and followed faster till his songs one burden bore—
Till the dirges of his Hope that melancholy burden bore
            Of ‘Never—nevermore’.”

    But the Raven still beguiling all my fancy into smiling,
Straight I wheeled a cushioned seat in front of bird, and bust and door;
    Then, upon the velvet sinking, I betook myself to linking
    Fancy unto fancy, thinking what this ominous bird of yore—
What this grim, ungainly, ghastly, gaunt, and ominous bird of yore
            Meant in croaking “Nevermore.”

    This I sat engaged in guessing, but no syllable expressing
To the fowl whose fiery eyes now burned into my bosom’s core;
    This and more I sat divining, with my head at ease reclining
    On the cushion’s velvet lining that the lamp-light gloated o’er,
But whose velvet-violet lining with the lamp-light gloating o’er,
            She shall press, ah, nevermore!

    Then, methought, the air grew denser, perfumed from an unseen censer
Swung by Seraphim whose foot-falls tinkled on the tufted floor.
    “Wretch,” I cried, “thy God hath lent thee—by these angels he hath sent thee
    Respite—respite and nepenthe from thy memories of Lenore;
Quaff, oh quaff this kind nepenthe and forget this lost Lenore!”
            Quoth the Raven “Nevermore.”

    “Prophet!” said I, “thing of evil!—prophet still, if bird or devil!—
Whether Tempter sent, or whether tempest tossed thee here ashore,
    Desolate yet all undaunted, on this desert land enchanted—
    On this home by Horror haunted—tell me truly, I implore—
Is there—is there balm in Gilead?—tell me—tell me, I implore!”
            Quoth the Raven “Nevermore.”

    “Prophet!” said I, “thing of evil!—prophet still, if bird or devil!
By that Heaven that bends above us—by that God we both adore—
    Tell this soul with sorrow laden if, within the distant Aidenn,
    It shall clasp a sainted maiden whom the angels name Lenore—
Clasp a rare and radiant maiden whom the angels name Lenore.”
            Quoth the Raven “Nevermore.”

    “Be that word our sign of parting, bird or fiend!” I shrieked, upstarting—
“Get thee back into the tempest and the Night’s Plutonian shore!
    Leave no black plume as a token of that lie thy soul hath spoken!
    Leave my loneliness unbroken!—quit the bust above my door!
Take thy beak from out my heart, and take thy form from off my door!”
            Quoth the Raven “Nevermore.”

    And the Raven, never flitting, still is sitting, still is sitting
On the pallid bust of Pallas just above my chamber door;
    And his eyes have all the seeming of a demon’s that is dreaming,
    And the lamp-light o’er him streaming throws his shadow on the floor;
And my soul from out that shadow that lies floating on the floor
            Shall be lifted—nevermore!

Nice playing on that cover Neo.

13

(14 replies, posted in Chordie's Chat Corner)

Cheers  Phill Mum is a wise intellectual woman but she hasn't always been  a good mother type. Today I get on with her good but it has taken years.
Her world years ago was work, business, ballroom dancing, music, study and improving herself. She always had a heart for people outside of our family abandoned by their own families but was always too busy for  her own family. She made sure those people abandoned by their own families were okay who passed through our home. At the same time she was to busy for her own kids..My father died when I was twelve, she was always the boss  of the home and a  hard task master. Growing up I spent more time with my father and his perants. I was not that close to her.I didnt do well at school and was out of school by age fifteen.This caused a deep rift between her and me.  It wasnt until she was in her eighties that we started to get along. As she said in her speach living with her was hell. All my siblings moved out as soon as they could because living with her was real hard. I guess because she is tough and independent it took her along time to realise that she needed to change her ways with her family. We get on well with her now.  She is never boring company due to here straightforward nature and ability to tell it how it is. Though she is religious she is not pious.and definetly no saint.  She can be very funny and will laugh at herself. She is well read and has a diverse range of interests. Loves watching Rugby Union, keeps up with world affairs and loves books about history. She  studys the Bible, the  Quran and also reads the  Jewish Torah. She has friends in all those faiths and has some interesting debates with people. One of my sister inlaws is  a Buddhist and the Monks she knows tell me mums knowledge on that religion is better than most. One of her friends passed away recently was a Bahai,  mum told me she misses  having that ladies input into her studies on religion. She likes to have a Gin and Tonic at night and gave the gym work outs up about two years or three years ago after suffering a mild stroke. She now has to walk with a walker after breaking her hips a few times.

That is a great credo you got there TIG it covers  my mothers outlook on life also   Your Mum's life  is great example for all of us bless her soul. TIG I hope that line that is screaming out at you slips into a song. Look forward to that.  Below is your excellent credo your students have a good teacher,

* do not judge
*have faith
*celebrate diversity- we don't all have to agree - but we do need to be respectful of each other
*understand that we all make mistakes - it's called experience in life
*be kind and forgiving
*get educate- it opens a multitude of opportunities
*make the world a better place
*love deeply
,
Thank you Neo for the birthday wish for my mother, She turned 97 last September.

Ctech your Mum taught you well.  You can hold your head up high
When people abandon their integrity in order to get what they want, whatever they get is not worth  having,
In the past many years ago, when I have gone  against my own best judgment in pursuit of a token treasure or position, any victory has been empty..



Jandle dementia it so hard on families. What is happening to your dear Mum sucks. My mother sister ended up with Alzheimer's disease in her early 80/s. Before her husband died he couldnt understand how my aunty was getting very hard to live with. My aunty has two daughter just before her husband died there was a big falling  out between her and her daughter's. With hindsight my cousins realize the bad feelings were now caused by  their mother's Alzhiemers not by anything they did.. My mother went over to stay with her sister in Australia where they had moved to from Fiji  straight after my aunties husband died. She went for a month to help her sister with her grief and give her support. Mum  quickly realized her sisters problems were memory related and most probably caused by something medical.  Mum arranged things with doctors and it was discovered my Aunty had Alzihemhers. Her sister spent the last part of her life in a special secure unit .
Thank you everyone for sharing about your beautiful mother's and strong ladies in your life it means a lot to me. How my Maree put up with me all these years I don't know.
My two sisters always have been there for me and also my brothers.
Because of her and all those other good people in my life I am a better person  there will always be room for improvement. for me.

14

(14 replies, posted in Chordie's Chat Corner)

My mum turned ninety seven last year.  She gave a speech about her outlook on her life  mostly to a bunch of high school teenagers. People seemed to enjoy it.  Most probably because she is my Mum I thought it was good. She gave me a copy of it and I thought I would share it on here. I was wondering if anyone else would like to share a story about their Mum



Here I am ninety seven years since the world welcomed me.
Born on the Island of Ovalau in a town of Levuka Fiji.
Me the daughter of an Australian man.
The old style plantation manager.
He also was a Trader at times travelling around the many Island of Fiji in his boats.
A trucker of the seas.
Not remembered well by his workers .
A man who didnt mean much to me.
My mum and  dad so differant in backgrounds.
My mother's  grandfather was a great Fijian chief.
By the time I was nine my sister and I were boarded out.
Mother lying beneath the earth.
Now part of our cemetery.
One of my brother's  sent to Australia.
Learning to be a good European.
I always loved  European culture
I never loved those superior Europeans.
Those who thought themselves refined.
The sorts that  tried to make my Fijian culture seem inferior.
My other older brother's were put to work at sea.
There are many other half siblings.
My father had children  to woman in the differant locations he went to.
They were more or less strangers to me.
Some he owned some he disowned.
When we turned twelve my sister and I were pulled out of school and put to work.
My father couldnt see the point of educating girls.
Woman to him were mere servants there for the enjoyment of man.
My  father was more of a passing  aquaintance.
I never got to know him that well.
My Fijian side and our local Catholic Nuns were where I received my love.
Also a  Jewish lady who my sister and I were boarded with gave us emotional love and care.
My sister and I grew up knowing we could do better. .
We became strong woman both stubborn and not fightened of a fight..
Nobody was going to hold us back.
We studied as adults and improved ourselves.
My sister going to University and becoming a teacher with the help of her husband.
In 1942 aged twenty Two in the middle of the war I travelled across the Pacific to New Zealand.
I had to leave Fiji so my first daughter could be born in a place that had better medical facilities.
With the war going on it wasn't easy to get back to Fiji so I never returned to see my daughter's father again.
I was no longer a Catholic divorced people punished by the church in those days.
I was next married to a South American man who I met in New Zealand.
We moved to the the Cook Islands.
We lost a son and  that marriage ended.
Now I am older I realise I would have been hell to live with.
Lets say I have given birth to  five children.
To  three differant fathers,
Also other  adopted stragglers who call me mum.
I am proud my kids turned out to be their own people.
Respectful polite and not  scared to be themselves.
My relationships with many  men  has not been good.
New Zealand has been good to me.
It taught me about life outside what I had known.
I went on to be educated  many new  doors were opened to me..
I am proud my kids didn't become harsh and hard on their own kids  and family as I was to them
If I dont wake up in this world tomorrow.
I will be happy I have seen what I need to see.
The young will always be same .
They know alot about nothing until experience comes their way.
One of my passions in life is studying religons of the world.
I know  people see the havoc created in the name of religon.
I understand that.
For me without my fath in God.
I would have given up on the good things in life.
All I can say to my many friends who have no faith.
I do not judge you at all it is not my place.
Now I am older I have learnt more about looking for good in everyone.
At ninety seven I have thrown away my sword.
I come to you my friends and family in peace.
What sort of connection can I possibly  have with anyone.
Is the question I have asked myself when confronted by differance .
Those whose histories are so differant from mine.
The answer is simple .
We just need to celibrate our diversity.
Live for a better future.
Learn from  our past.

15

(5 replies, posted in My local band and me)

That is a good cover Curt. Good luck with your job hunting.and I hope your USA future work out.. The USA has been good to my family that has lived there.

UJB you got a good duo going there  excellent sound.  Zurf man your a champion  I like your style of playing guitar and the laid back way you do your vocals.  Easy Beat must have known somethinng when he challenged you to do Smoke On the Water . Yours is a good fun version.

17

(11 replies, posted in Chordie's Chat Corner)

Welcome to chordie great to have you on here. Your part of OZ sounds like a wonderful place to live,

18

(5 replies, posted in Songwriting)

Nice guitar and vocals.

19

(24 replies, posted in Chordie's Chat Corner)

Thank you for your generosity. I love the title you have given me.

To my wonderful Chordie friends Vinaka vakalevu na nomuni dau lomasoli.Thank you for your generosity.in Fijian.
Peatle Loremaster Jville

Thank you Bill, Jimmy is good and I agree with TF  comment.

21

(7 replies, posted in Chordie's Chat Corner)

I cant stand listening to commercial radio.  Major music awards mean nothing to me.  Top  music management today  still  focus their money on the old music industry model of cash-cow hits, major label investments and commercial radio.  In my opinion the gigantic promotional machine for the music industry is there to cater to those with low expectations  and  feed the masses. Big labels don't honour the arts or the artist need for originality mostly they force them  into keeping a formula pushed by management.. Music insiders have claimed  major record labels have taken deliberate steps to maximize their chart positions by such tactics as timing a single's debut to face the weakest possible competition,  Meanwhile, other labels have been known to deliberately withhold even their most marketable songs in order to boost album sales. Since 2013 the three big labels have been Universal , Sony, and Warner.  It is claimed  other independent labels only have about  11% to 12% of the market worldwide.

22

(24 replies, posted in Chordie's Chat Corner)

Phill your the first to spot that .  Whale Oil Beef Hooked.  Gave me a good chuckle my family will love that. Though I must admit how we say is differant to how its spelt. Hym Doon Ah  Mar Tar.
Duna  (Eel )   Hym Doon AH   
Mata ( Eye )   Mar Tar
I supose even that is Scottish.
Aye Jimmy I remember Billy Connerly joking about the Irish pronounciation of Maggot Thatcher  name.
Cheers Pete

23

(24 replies, posted in Chordie's Chat Corner)

Mojo  my father who was English  never warmed to the Fijian name Duna Mata  given to me by my mother.  Duna Mata which in english is Eel  Eyes. So the only person in the family who calls me that is my mother. I have never minded her calling me that so I am happy with any Tag given to me.  Thumbs up to Bill.

24

(24 replies, posted in Chordie's Chat Corner)

Thank you Bill and those others who have posted as well.  I am honoured my writen meanderings  have been read and are of some interest to someone..  Chordians have been an important part of my quest to procure the baskets of knowledge on things that interest and mater to me in this world.  I am pleased to be part of this community  called Chordie with it's way of never undervaluing  any person. I would be thankful to have whatever title you give me.

Cheers Bill when I get myself a bit more together I might give a cover of that song a go.        Anyone who is good with metalwork Abby is looking for some advice on how to get her  bells fixed video attached with her explaining the bell maintenance problem.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zDDfurexhO0