''This article concerns the worldwide pandemic starting in the mid-14th century, with a focus on material available from European records and accounts. For detailed information on the most widely accepted cause of the disease, see bubonic plague''.
The "Black Death", also known as the "Black Plague", was a devastating pandemic that first struck Europe in the mid-late-14th century (1347–51), killing up to between a third and two thirds of Europe's population. Almost simultaneous epidemics occurred across large portions of Asia and the Middle East during the same period, indicating that the European outbreak was actually part of a multi-regional pandemic. Including Middle Eastern lands, India, and China, the Black Death killed at least 75 million people. The same disease is thought to have returned to Europe every generation with varying degrees of intensity and fatality until the 1700s.
Notable later outbreaks include the Italian Plague of 1629-1631, the Great Plague of London (1665–66), the Great Plague of Vienna (1679), the Great Plague of Marseille in 1720-1722 and the 1771 plague in Moscow. The disease was completely eradicated in Europe only at the beginni...