Johannes Brahms (May 7, 1833 – April 3, 1897) was a German composer of Romantic music, who lived mostly in Vienna, Austria.
Johannes Brahms was born in Hamburg. His father, Johann Jakob Brahms, came to Hamburg from Schleswig-Holstein seeking a career as a town musician. He was proficient on several instruments but found employment mostly as a horn player and double bassist. thumb|left|House in Hamburg where Brahms was born He married Christiane Nissen, a seamstress, who was considerably older than he was. They lived in the poor GÃ¤ngeviertel district of the city, near the docks.
Johann Jakob gave his son his first musical training. He studied piano from the age of 3. Brahms showed early promise on the piano (his younger brother Fritz also became a pianist) and helped to supplement the rather meager family income by playing the piano in restaurants and theaters, as well as by teaching. It is a long-told tale that Brahms was forced in his early teens to play the piano in bars that doubled as brothels; recently Brahms scholar Kurt Hoffman has suggested that this legend is false. Since Brahms himself clearly originated the s...