"Daniel Boone" (October 22, 1734 – September 26, 1820) was an American pioneer and hunter whose frontier exploits made him one of the first folk heroes of the United States. In 1775, Boone blazed the trail known as the "Wilderness Road" into what is now the U.S. state of Kentucky and founded Boonesborough, one of the first English-speaking settlements in that region. During the American Revolutionary War, Boone helped to defend the Kentucky settlements from American Indian attempts to drive them out. After the war Boone engaged in various business ventures, mostly unsuccessful, and eventually resettled in Missouri, where he spent the final years of his life. Boone became a legend in his own lifetime, so much so that it is not possible to entirely separate the actual events of his life from the folklore.
Boone was born on October 22, 1734. Because the Gregorian calendar was adopted during Boone's lifetime, his birth date is sometimes given as November 2, 1732 (the "New Style" date), although Boone always used the October date. He was the sixth of eleven children in a family of Quakers. His father, Squire Boone (1696–1765) had emigrated to Pennsylvania from the small town...