300px|thumb|right|Cover of John Cale's 1999 autobiography What's Welsh for ZenJohn Davies Cale (born March 9, 1942) is a Welsh musician, songwriter and record producer. He is best known for his work in rock music (including being a founding member of the Velvet Underground), but he has worked in a variety of styles over the years.
==Early life and career=
Cale was born in Garnant in the heavily industrial Amman Valley, and Welsh is his first language. Having discovered a talent for piano, he studied music at Goldsmiths College, the University of London, and travelled to the USA to continue his musical training, thanks to the help and influence of Aaron Copland.
Arriving at New York City, he met a number of influential composers. With John Cage he participated in an 18-hour piano playing marathon. More significantly, Cale played in La Monte Young's ensemble the Theater of Eternal Music (also known as the Dream Syndicate, which should not be confused with the 1980s band of the same name). The heavily drone-laden music he played there proved to be a big influence in his work with his next group, the Velvet Underground.