Lucy Kaplansky (born 1960) is an American folk musician based in New York City. Kaplansky also has a PhD? in clinical psychology from Yeshiva University.
Kaplansky was originally from Chicago, but at the age of 18, decided not to go to college, and moved to New York City. She became involved in the city's folk music scene, particularly around Greenwich Village, where she played with, among others, Suzanne Vega, Shawn Colvin and Richard Shindell.
In 1983, she decided to become a psychologist, enrolling in Yeshiva University. She continued playing music while doing her PhD?, and began to have some success as part of a duo with Colvin. However, when they began to attract record company interest, Kaplansky declined, choosing instead to set up a private practice and become a staff psychologist at a New York hospital. For several years, she concentrated largely on her work, and played little in the way of concerts. However, she still did some session work, such as singing backing vocals in the studio for Suzanne Vega.