"Gioachino Antonio Rossini" (February 29, 1792 – November 13, 1868) was an Italian musical composer who wrote more than 30 operas as well as sacred music and chamber music. His best known works include ''Il barbiere di Siviglia'' (''The Barber of Seville''), and ''Guillaume Tell'' (''William Tell'') (the end of the overture is popularly known for being the signature tune for ''The Lone Ranger''). His first name is usually spelled as ''Gioacchino'' but currently the http://www.fondazionerossini.org/ Rossini Foundation uses ''Gioachino''.
Rossini was born into a family of musicians in Pesaro, a small town on the Adriatic coast of Italy. His father Giuseppe was a horn player and inspector of slaughterhouses, his mother Anna a singer and baker's daughter. Rossini's parents began his musical training early, and by the age of six he was playing the triangle in his father's band.
Rossini's father was sympathetic to the French, and welcomed Napoleon's troops when they arrived in Northern Italy. This became a problem when in 1796, the Austrians restored the old regime. Rossini's father was sent to prison, and his wife took him to Bologna, earning her living as lead sing...