"Bathory" was a Swedish heavy metal band, and is regarded as one of the forefathers of the black metal and viking metal genres. The band's name is taken from the infamous "blood countess," Elizabeth Báthory.
Bathory was formed in Stockholm in 1983, for fun, by the then 18-year-old Quorthon. After various names and numerous line-up changes, the group finally settled on Bathory. That same year, Quorthon managed to secure the consent of Tyfon Grammofon's boss to record two tracks for the compilation ''Scandinavian Metal Attack''. The tracks which he recorded gained unexpected attention by fans. Soon afterward, Tyfon Grammofon contacted Quorthon and asked him to record a full-length album.
Although Venom's ''Black Metal'' (1982) was the first record to coin the term, it was Bathory's early albums, featuring Satanic lyrics, low-fi production and an inhuman vocal style, that defined the genre. Bathory's subsequent releases, the self-titled debut, ''The Return'' and ''Under the Sign of the Black Mark'' are now regarded as major influences on the Norwegian bands which extended Black Metal's musical progression and popularity in the beginning of the 1990s.