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"Achille-Claude Debussy" (IPA ) (August 22, 1862 – March 25, 1918) was a French composer. He worked within the style commonly referred to as impressionist music, a term which he dismissed. Debussy was not only one of the most important French composers but was also one of the most important figures in music at the turn of the last century; his music represents the transition from late-romantic music to 20th century modernist music.
Claude Debussy was born in St. Germain-en-Laye in 1862. His parents owned a china shop. Debussy began music instruction when he was nine years old, but his talents soon became evident and at age ten Debussy entered the Paris Conservatoire. Debussy studied with Ernest Guiraud, César Franck and others at the Paris Conservatoire (1872-84). As the winner of the Prix de Rome, he received a scholarship by the ''Académie des Beaux-Arts'', which included a four-year residence at the Villa Medici, the French Academy in Rome to further his studies (1885-7). According to letters from this period, Debussy often was depressed and unable to compose, but he also met Franz Liszt, and finally compo...