"Keith Richards" (born 18 December 1943 in Dartford, Kent), is an English guitarist and songwriter, best known for his work with The Rolling Stones. Richards has played guitar on releases by Max Romeo, Hubert Sumlin, Les Paul, Tom Waits, Bono and The Edge of U2, Nona Hendryx, John Phillips and Aretha Franklin. He was first known to the public as Keith Richard because Andrew Loog Oldham, the first manager of the Stones, removed the "s" to resemble the name of popstar Cliff Richard; Richards later restored the "s" to his surname. "The Human Riff" and "Keef Riffhard" are lasting epithets.
Keith Richards was born at the Livingstone Hospital in Dartford, Kent, on 18 December 1943 during the Second World War, and lived there through German V-weapon attacks on the city. An only child, he was reportedly conceived so his mother Doris Richards could escape working on a wartime factory production line. Richards' father Bert was a factory laborer, who was slightly injured during World War II. Richards' paternal grandparents were socialists and civic leaders, and his maternal grandfather (Augustus Theodore Dupree) toured Britain as a jazz/big band musician. In interviews, Richards has oft...