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"Lhasa" (Tibetan: ལྷ་ས་; Wylie: lha-sa; ), sometimes spelled "Llasa", is the traditional capital of Tibet and the capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China. It is also the traditional seat of the Dalai Lama.

Lhasa literally means "place of the gods", although ancient Tibetan documents and inscriptions demonstrate that the place was first called "Rasa", which means "courtyard place" or "goat place". Its altitude is about 3,650 m (12,000 ft), making it one of the highest cities in the world. The city is home to about 200,000 inhabitants.

Administratively speaking, Lhasa is a prefecture-level city that consists of one district and seven counties. The district comprises the urban area of Lhasa and is called "Chengguan District" (Tibetan: ཁྲིན་ཀོན་ཆུས་, Wylie: khrin kon chus, ). The seven counties are Lhünzhub, Damxung, Nyêmo, Qüxü, Doilungdêqên, Dagzê, and Maizhokunggar.

Legend has it that the second Tibetan emperor Songtsen Gampo made Lhasa his capital. But contemporary documents (e.g. ''The Old Tibetan Annals'') show that the empire was ruled from a moving capital.

The city rose to...

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source: Wikipedia