"Roy Claxton Acuff" (15 September 1903 – 23 November 1992) was an American country musician.
He was born in Maynardville, Tennessee, third of five children. He played semi-professional baseball, but a sunstroke in 1929 and a nervous breakdown in 1930 ended his aspirations to play for the New York Yankees.
He then turned his attention to his father's fiddle and began playing in a traveling medicine show. He toured the Southern United States and eventually formed a band called "The Crazy Tennesseans."
In 1936, he recorded a cover of the traditional song "The Great Speckled Bird". His performance of it in his ''Grand Ole Opry'' debut was not well received. Acuff became a regular on the Grand Ole Opry in 1938, forming a backing band called the Smoky Mountain Boys, led by friend and Dobro player Bashful Brother Oswald.
Acuff released several singles in the 1940s such as ''The Wreck on the Highway,'' ''Beneath That Lonely Mound of Clay'' and ''The Precious Jewel''. He later formed a music publishing venture with Chicago songwriter Fred Rose. Hank Williams, the Everly Brothers and Roy Orbison, among others, all initially signed with Acuff-Rose Music.