Reading Analog Clocks

Before digital clocks were invented, people all told time with **analog clocks**.

Analog clocks are still everywhere!ย

They look like this:

**Analog clocks** tell us the time of day in **hours** and **minutes**.

They have a **short hand**, and a **long hand**.

The **short hand **tells about the **hours**. The **long hand** tells about the **minutes**.

**Tip:** Some analog clocks even have a **thin ****red ****hand**! It tells about the **seconds**. It moves way faster than the other hands, so it's easy to tell it's not the minute hand.

Do you remember how long hours, minutes, and seconds are?

1 day =24hours

1 hour =60minutes

1 minute =60seconds

๐Memorize those!

Hours are long, minutes are short, and seconds are very short.

**10:00 - 11:00 **is an hour long. That's how long your Math class is.ย

**12:00 - 1:00 **is also an hour long. That's how long your lunch break is.

Here's what an analog clock looks like at regular speed:

The **red second hand **ticks every second!

The** second hand **is the only hand that looks like it's moving, but the other hands are moving too, just very slowly!

Here's what an analog clock looks like with the time sped up:

The hour hand moves the slowest. In one day, it moves all the way around the **clock only twice**!

Here's what it looks like with time sped up even faster!

Every **hour**, the **short hour hand **moves just a little bit around the clock.

Every **hour**, the **long minute hand **moves all the way **around **the clock!

The **short hand **points to **10**, the **long hand** points to **12**.

The **short hand** is the **hour hand**. It points to the current hour.

The **long hand** is the **minute hand**. It tells us how many minutes have gone by after 10.ย

At the **top **of every hour, the minute hand will **always point to 12**. It tells us that zero minutes have gone by after 10.

This is called **10 o'clock**.

The **short hour hand **is really useful. It always points to the exact time.

๐ When the **hour hand **points exactly at 1, it's **1 o'clock,** or 1:00!

**Tip:**** **We've hidden the minute hand here ๐

At 2:00, the hour hand will point exactly at the 2!

๐ค Where do you think the **hour hand **will point when it's **half an hour after **1 o'clock?

**Tip:** Half an hour is 30 minutes long.

Yes, at **1:30** the hour hand points exactly **half way **between 1 and 2!

The hour hand is really **precise**! It tells us the **exact **time.

Where do you think the hour hand points at 1:10?

๐ Wow, telling time with only the hour hand is getting hard!ย

Is it pointing to 1:10, or 1:15? Who knows! The space is too tiny.

๐ค Is there an easier way to see how many minutes have passed since the top of the hour?

๐ Yes! That's why we have the **minute hand!**

The** minute hand **moves all the way around the clock **every hour**. This is the hand that's longer than the hour hand.

The minute hand makes it easier to see if it's 1:10, or 1:15, or even 1:12!

In 2nd grade, we learned to read the minute hand to tell half hours. We also learned to tell quarter hours.ย

If you don't remember how to tell half-hours, and quarter-hours, review those lessons.๐

In 3rd grade, we'll go one step further and learn to tell the exact time for **any minute**** in the day**!

Now let's look at the minute hand again. ๐บ

In **5 minutes**, the minute hand moves this far:

**Important: **Even though the minute hand points to 1, it doesn't mean the minutes is :01!

**Super important:** If the **minute **hand points to a number, **multiply that number by 5 **to get the minutes!

So if the minute hand points to the 1, it's **5 minutes **past the top of the hour!

Let's look at a clock with only the minute hand:ย

How many minutes have passed since the top of the hour?

The minute hand points to the 2.ย

But we know the minutes isn't :02!

๐ If the minute hand **points exactly at a number**, we **multiply it by 5 **to get the minutes.

**2 x 5 = 10**

So 10 minutes have gone by since the top of the hour. ๐

Let's try another example:

How many minutes have passed since the top of the hour? ๐ค

That's right!ย

**8 x 5 = 40**

So 40 minutes have passed! ๐บ

Now what happens if the minute hand is somewhere between two numbers, like this:

It looks like the time in minutes is greater than :05, and less than :10.

How can we tell what minute it is exactly? ๐ค

ย We use the small **tick marks **around the edge of the clock to tell the exact minutes.

There are **60 tick marks **around the clock, one tick mark per minute.

So in the clock above, how many ticks marks have we passed since the top of the hour?

Yes! We've passed 7 tick marks. So the time is 7 minutes past the hour.

Now what if the minute hand points here:

Counting all those little tick mark will take forever! ๐

So let's make it easier.ย

๐First let's **skip count **our way **by 5 **along the clock until we get close to the minute hand:

No we see that 3 more tick marks have passed since the time was :40.

We know that 40 + 3 = 43.

So 43 minutes have passed since the top of the hour! Great job! ๐

**Super tip**: Instead of skip counting by 5, you can **multiply by 5 **to tell the time even faster!

In the clock above, you could multiply the nearest number by 5:

**8 x 5 = 40**

We add 3 tick marks to 40, and we get the same answer: 43 minutes!

Now let's try to tell both the hour and minute hand at the same time.

To tell the exact time, **first **figure out the **hour**, then the minutes.

Let's try some examples. What time does this clock show? ๐

๐ First let's figure out the hour by looking at the **short hour hand.**

It's pointing a little after 3, which means the hour is still 3!ย

**Tip: **The hour doesn't change to 4 until the hour hand is all the way on top of the 4.

Now that we know the hour, let's figure out the minutes.

The **long minute hand** is pointing to the 1. Multiply that number by 5 to get the minutes!

**1 x 5 = 5**

So the time is **3:05!** You would say "**It's three o'five**". Great job!

**Remember**: The minute hand is really pointing at the number of ticks on the outside of the clock.

Let's try one more example:

First, what hour is it?

Yes! The short hour hand is between the 7 and 8, so the hour is 7! ๐

Now what minute is it? ๐ค

The long minute hand is between the 10 and the 11. How can we find the exact minutes?ย

๐Let's try our **super trick:**** **multiply a nearby number by 5 and add or subtract ticks to get the exact minutes.

It looks like the minute hand is closest to 11.

What's 11 x 5?

Yes it's 55.

The minute hand is 1 tick mark behind the 11. So we subtract one minute away from 7:55.

So what's the time?

โ Yes! It's 7:54!

Great job! The more you practice, the better you'll get.

Now try reading analog clocks in the practice. ๐บ

Teachers:

Create your own self-paced, self-grading lessons.

Try our Lesson Builder tool!Unlimited Student Learning

Award-winning self-paced lessons โข Adaptive technologies fill gaps in knowledge โข Individual student profiles โข Progress tracking โข AI learning tools like the popular 'Part of Speech Identifier'.

Teacher Tools

Assign time-saving, self-grading worksheets โข Ensure no child falls behind with automatically assigned extra work โข Use Clever login to auto-roster students โข Great at school and at home. โข Student analytics

Full Library Access

View and assign over 2,500 lessons written to grade and 20,000+ questions covering Common Core Standards in the growing library โข Duplicate and improve on any existing lesson or worksheet, or make your own.

Parent

Teacher

Up to 5 students

$39.99 / Year

$6.99 / Month$3.33 / Month

You save $43.89 with the annual plan

7 day free trial